The wide range of effects of a traumatic brain injury are due to the consistency of the brain, which has roughly the consistency of pudding. During an accident or impact where the skull suddenly stops, the brain keeps moving and can slam into the skull several times, back and forth. The pudding like consistency of the brain also allows the brain to twist during an impact. The back and forth, twisting motion of the brain during impact causes a type of cellular damage all over the brain, called diffuse axonal injury or DAI. The resulting damage due to DAI causes paralyzed, dysfunctional brain cells and increased vulnerability to further injury. After one TBI, the risk of incurring a second injury is three times greater; after a second TBI, the risk for a third injury is eight times greater.
Treatment of Traumatic Brain Injury
The best way to treat a TBI is prevention. Taking magnesium, fish oil, B vitamins and zinc can help the brain recover much faster after a mild/moderate TBI or concussion. These same supplements and a few more may also help in recovery from a TBI.
The Low Energy Neurofeedback System or LENS is another treatment that has shown good results in treating the symptoms of a TBI.